Selecting the method of breast milk removal
If you’ll be away from your baby during a feeding, you may need another way to empty your breasts. You can do this by hand (hand expression) or use a breast pump. Talk with your breastfeeding resource person to help you decide what will work best for you. Here are some points to consider when choosing a method:
- Purpose/frequency: Will you do this daily (e.g., if you are returning to work) or occasionally (e.g., when you go out for the evening)?
- Affordability: How much are you willing or able to spend? Will you use the pump again for future children?
- Hand expression: Free
- Breast pumps range in price from $45 to $350 and may include:
- Manually operated pumps
- – Electric pumps
- – Pedal pump – Hospital-grade pumps,
- – Battery-operated pumps usually available as a rental
- Availability of pump and replacement parts in your area
- Ease of pumping: How much time will you have to pump your breasts? Some pumps will allow for double pumping, decreasing the time spent and increasing the amount of milk.
- Ease of use: Is it easy to assemble and clean? Is it dishwasher safe and/or can it be sterilized if necessary?
- Do you need an electrical outlet? Is one available where you plan to pump?
- The most efficient way to remove breast milk is suckling by a healthy baby. Pumping is not a good way to determine the volume of milk your baby is taking.
Which breast pump is best for you?
The following chart is provided as a guideline for selecting a breast pump. However, it is strongly recommended that you meet with a lactation consultant such as an IBCLC (International Board Certified Lactation Consultant)
|Do you need a pump for:||Manual||Small battery or electric||Working grade||Hospital grade|
|A missed feeding||Best||Better|
|Work part time||Good||Best|
|Working full time||Best||Best|
|Premature or hospitalized baby||Best|
|Low milk supply||Best|
|Sore nipples or engorgement||Best||Best|
|Latch-on problems or breast infection||Good||Best|
|Drawing out flat or inverted nipples||Good||Better||Best||Best|
Pumping and hand expression take practice and become easier with time. Here are some hints on how to help your milk begin to flow when baby is not at the breast.
- Have a picture of the baby to look at and/or a piece of the baby’s clothing to stimulate your senses.
- Arrange a comfortable place to sit, such as a rocking chair, easy chair, and make sure you have privacy.
- Talk positively about the baby with someone.
- Skin to skin contact promotes the milk let down.
- Set a specific time and place for removing milk.
Preparing to pump with a breast pump
- Read the instruction sheet in the kit before using the pump for the first time.
- Caution: All pumps must suck and release just like a baby feeds when pumping.
- Wash the part of the breast pump that touches the breast of the expressed milk with clean hot soapy water. Rinse well and air dry.
- Wash hands before handling any of the breast pump, parts, the breast or expressed milk.
- Center the breast shield over the nipple so the nipple can move in and out without rubbing against the sides. Some pumps have adapters to fit different size nipples.
- Turn on pump after positioning the breast shield. Always start pumping on minimum with pumps that have suction regulators. Increase suction to your comfort level; it should not be painful.
- If single pumping, switch pump for side to side when the milk flow decreases (or about every 5 minutes), until you have pumped both breast two to three times. Alternating sides is more stimulating and can result in a higher volume of milk.
- Drink enough fluid and get enough rest. Drink to thirst or get into the habit of having something to drink each time you sit down to pump.
Your baby is better than a pump at removing milk from the breast. The amount you pump is not a true way to tell how much milk you baby gets when breastfeeding, especially when you are first learning.
Suggestions of times to express milk
- If you are away from the baby, try to express milk when the baby would eat and as often as the baby eats.
- Expressing for storing extra milk can be done when you are fuller or if baby did not empty both sides in a feeding.
- Express milk one to two hours after baby has fed.
- Express milk on one breast while baby is nursing on the other breast. Pumping may be easier because the milk is already flowing.
Massage the milk producing cells and ducts by pressing the breast firmly with the flat of the fingers into the chest wall, beginning at the top. Move fingers in a circular motion, concentrating on one spot at a time for a few seconds before moving on to another spot. Spiral around the breast toward the areola as you massage. The motion is similar to that used in a breast examination.
Storage of breast milk
- Store breast milk in clean, closed or covered, plastic or glass containers. If using plastic bottle liners, you may want to use two liners to prevent the chance of them breaking. Plastic should be food grade.
- Avoid plastic made with Bisphenol A (also called BPA or BisA)as this may be a health risk to your baby.
- Leave about an inch of room at the top of the container, as milk expands when frozen.
- If your baby is in the Intensive Care Unit, sterile, heavy plastic containers should be used.
- Freeze in small quantities – about 2 ounces. This makes it easier to thaw the breast milk and there is less waste if your baby does not drink much at a feeding.
- Cool freshly obtained milk before adding to already frozen milk. This can be done if obtaining small amounts at a time to reach two ounces.
- Use a non-toxic marker to label container with date and time pumped. (Oldest milk should be used first.) Label with baby’s name if taking milk to the day care center, sitter or hospital.
77˚ F (25˚ C)
40˚ F (4˚ C)
0˚ F (-20˚ C)
|Freshly expressed breast milk||Up to 6 hours*||8 days*||6 months||12 months|
|Thawed breast milk|
|Up to 4 hours||24 hours||Never refreeze thawed breast milk||Never refreeze thawed breast milk|
|* Researchers state that freshly expressed breast milk can be left at room temperature for up to 6 hours.|
However, it is preferable to refrigerate breast milk as soon as possible after pumping.
Thawing breast milk
- Place milk in refrigerator the night before you are going to use it. Refrigerator thawing takes about 12 hours.
- Place frozen milk in a pan of warm water or under warm running water to thaw.
- Do not use hot water or boiling water as this can destroy some of the milk’s ability to fight infection.
- Never microwave as this will cause hot spots that can burn your baby. It can also change the composition of the milk.
- Do not refreeze thawed breast milk.
- Fat in breast milk will separate and rise to the top. By gently swirling the container, you can mix any fat that may have separated.
- The color, consistency and odor of your breast milk may vary depending upon your diet.
- Discard any milk left in the bottle after 1 hour.